Beetroot is a vegetable from cooler climates with a round, dark red edible root. Beetroot is a
plant of the genus Amaranthaceae, a genus of beet (Beta) belonging to the species of beet (Beta
vulgaris). It is also close to spinach, leaf beets and Bolivian porridge.
“Beets are high in fiber and folate,” said Megan Byrd, a registered American nutritionist. They
also contain a lot of potassium, an “electrolyte that helps the body regulate blood pressure and
nerve signals,” she adds. In addition, this root vegetable contains magnesium, calcium, iron, zinc,
manganese and copper, according to Nutrition & Journalism.
In the field of antioxidants, beets can be considered real superstars. They are rich in antioxidants
such as epicatechins, flavonoids, carotenoids and vitamin C, according to one 2015 review. Beets
also contain antioxidant compounds called betalains. These are the plant pigments that give this
vegetable a bright burgundy color. These pigments are not widespread among plants, so beets are
one of the few sources, according to a study by Molecules.
Beets are rich in nitrates of inorganic origin (NO3) – nitrogen and oxygen compounds that are
converted into nitric oxide molecules by oral and intestinal bacteria.
“Nitric oxide is very important for cardiovascular health, especially for controlling blood
pressure,” said registered dietitian Bansari Acharya of Food Love. – High blood pressure causes
pressure in the arteries, which increases the risk of heart attack and stroke. But nitric oxide can
help in this area: it dilates blood vessels, lowers blood pressure and improves blood circulation
throughout the body.
The blood pressure lowering effect of beets also improves brain function. High blood pressure
narrows and hardens the blood vessels in the brain, resulting in impaired cerebral blood flow.
This, in turn, impairs mental powers and cognitive functions, notes the Mayo Clinic. However,
consuming vegetables like beets (and living a healthy life) can control blood pressure and ensure
better brain function.
Beets are rich in antioxidants – pigments betaline. Betanins, which destroy free radicals and thus
prevent oxidative stress, damaging healthy cells and tissues. This helps prevent chronic diseases
associated with oxidative stress, such as cancer and heart disease.
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